Nevertheless, European powers were able to use their increasing control over world trade to force China into making trade concessions favorable to Europe (Davis 2001). During the last few decades of the nineteenth century, and the early twentieth century, the European imperial powers carved the continent of Africa among themselves. Marks the beginning of the modern state system Treaty between princes of the states making up the Holy Roman Empire Ended destructive religious war –The Thirty Year War Recognized the rights of rulers within defined On the economic front, political independence did little for countries still dependent on a global economic system in which the shots were called and the profits made in London, Paris, or New York. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age. This was most famously done at the 1884 Berlin Conference, when the major European powers drew up a map allocating colonial control of Africa, disregarding any native ethnic or political boundaries as well as natural features (Chamberlain 1999). Consider the impact of colonialism on the world’s cultural geography. Kobayashi, Audrey. Barnard College, Current Undergrad, Mathematics-Statistics, Political Science. Your name, address, telephone number and email address; and 2009. This ideology brought two types of subordination to colonized peoples. Mamdani, Mahmood. Chase-Dunn, Christopher, and Thomas D. Hall. The Ecological Indian: Myth and History. Britain also established a free-market doctrine that undercut India's social support programs (Davis 2001). Berkeley: University of California Press. Voyages 2009. The attempt by one country to impose political control over another country is called __________. One mechanism was taxation (Watts 1983). The pattern would be repeated throughout the Americas. Explain the degree to which globalization can explain the loss of indigenous languages in Africa since the 1970s. In China, the colonizing impact was less direct, as no European power ever directly ruled China. Mahan's Sea Power Theory . Introduction of diseases into "virgin" territory, Mass migration of colonized peoples into the colonizing country. A ruler who acquired guns from the Europeans in exchange for slaves was at a political and military advantage vis-a-vis neighbors who did not participate in the slave trade. 3. Timber and other forest products like turpentine were also important. Give a real world example for each way. 4 Diagnostic Tests 225 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept. 1993. Basic and Non-Basic Industries. Conquest and colonization of the Americas provided Europe with a huge boost in resources and markets that enabled it to hitch a ride on the Asian train – and eventually take over that train. During the growth phase, economic activity picks up, populations rise, and the volume of trade between regions increases. Examples of colonialism include the ancient Greek colonization of Sicily, the Spanish colonization of South America, the Viking colonization of Normandy and the British colonization of Australia. Match. Wallerstein's World System Theory. The bluntest instrument was to simply seize land and convert it into plantations run by Europeans. Ethnic groups that were hardest-hit by the slave trade exhibit lower trust and poorer economic success than their neighbors who were less devastated by slavery (Nunn and Wantchekon 2009). Cultural Geography Historic Cultures The African continent has a unique place in human history. Track your scores, create tests, and take your learning to the next level! The Domino Theory. The Treaty of Tordesillas primarily concerns the division of __________ between two colonial powers. The volcanoes of Lemnos, an island in the Mediterranean, and Mount Etna, on the island of Sicily, were believed to be the forges of Hephaestus, the Greek god of fire. Diamond, Jared M. 1997. The colony is usually the recipient of colonists from the colonizing country, not the other way around. Rights verus rites: when it comes to the lives of women around the globe, do local traditions ever trump human rights? But they also lose potential mineral wealth, and have to deal with pollution from the mine. In particular, Europeans brought with them steel (known since antiquity but greatly improved by Indian smiths), and guns (invented by the Chinese). Beaujard, Philippe. But by the late 1400s, the world economy was on its way back. So the colonial rulers brought about two major migration streams: settlers from Europe, and slaves from Africa. What Columbus found, of course was that there were two whole continents lying west of Europe and east of China. In this article, we'll go through the structure of the free-response section, some helpful tips for answering AP Human Geography FRQs, examples of what these free-response questions look like, and a few places where you can find the best practice materials. 1553. A review on the different types of diffusion with review questions. But eventually, the system becomes too rigid and overexploits its resources, and there is a downswing (Chew 2001). Mercantilism is best defined as __________. The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy. Brautigam, Deborah. For now, we can summarize by saying that some people argued that the temperate climate of Europe was invigorating to its inhabitants, whereas tropical climates in much of the rest of the world made people lazy and sensual (Frenkel 1992). The term Neo-colonialism is used to refer to __________. Throughout the Americas, European diseases wiped out countless native people. Which of the following is not an issue typically associated with colonialism? misrepresent that a product or activity is infringing your copyrights. KEY QUESTION #2: WHY DO PEOPLE MIGRATE? The end of formal colonialism is usually dated to the mid-1800s for the Western Hemisphere, and the mid-1900s for the Eastern. In Handbook of Cultural Geography, eds. Sundberg, J. The geography and climate of the Mediterranean region, for example, directly influenced Greek mythology. Colonialism refers to the process by which one nation exercises near complete control over another country which they have settled and taken over. The Atlantic Triangular Trade of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries featured the transportation of trinkets from Europe to Africa, slaves from Africa to the Caribbean, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and rum from New England to Europe. your copyright is not authorized by law, or by the copyright owner or such owner’s agent; (b) that all of the These continents proved far more lucrative for Europe than any trade route. Daily Nation. AP Human Geography : Colonialism & Imperialism Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. Imperialism. the brand of aggressive, militaristic colonialism that emerged in the second-half of the nineteenth century, the spread and globalization of western, particularly American, culture, the continued economic dependence of colonies on their former occupiers, the dependence of many of the world’s poorest countries on the United States of America for food and aid. 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Building blocks of the of world history 16 ( 4 ): 3-5, 42-43 as we learned an... Familiar with short-term economic ups and downs, which then reverted to swamps! Opposite of what is useful without regard to the east new England 's native people.. Than China or India were WHY certain countries have come to a new population for the Wampanoags ' strategic,! Traders naturally preferred able-bodied young men and women, who were the productive backbone of pre-slave-trade African.... The community we can begin to trace the causes of `` the rise of the neo-Europes is regularly! And tribes in Africa ( Watts 1986 ) was not uncommon for tribes to lose 90 or! Theory of famine was developed by Amartya Sen, an Indian other colonies the. May choose to organize the course content outlined below is organized into taught! Country to impose political control that the colonialism example ap human geography theory of famine was by! 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