Utilitarianism, much like epicureanism, teaches that codes of conduct exist to produce the “greatest available balance of pleasure over pain” (Attfield 179). Understanding the abstract meanings inherent in those notions facilitates the reader’s sense-making when engaging with the specialized text and when thinking about the application of those notions in various settings be it familial, organizational, or other. “Normative ethics is a subset of moral philosophy.”. One might also use the word morals as an adjective to describe something probable but lacking proof or something perceived without tangible evidence. According to Glynnis Chantrell in The Oxford Dictionary of Word Histories, the word ethic first appeared in Middle English from Old French éthique to describe the study of ethics or moral philosophy. Meanwhile, if someone if immoral, you can be sure they know right from wrong. “Ethics.”. Consider where those values might have come from. As a plural noun, the word morals specifically defines either moral teachings, moral codes of conduct, or ‘ethics’ as a science of morals. Ethics are forms of conduct or moral principles which vary according to specific group or field. In this case, the opposite of the word moral is immoral. If you’re undecided on how to write ethics or morals in a sentence correctly, other English terms can help you describe similar concepts in a more vivid and specific way. Values. We should speak truth. Because this system of beliefs is individually tailored to a person’s life experience, it’s subject to opinion. “The spiritual gurus make several moral claims about the afterlife.”“She talks to trees for moral support.”. In contrast to the universal and constant nature of principles, values are internal, subjective, and flexible beliefs that people hold regarding ideas or issues. Finally, allow your readers to watch your main character choose right or wrong as their ethics come to full view. “The moral lesson of the story is that we should not steal.”“The moral agent or character always does the right thing.”. The word amoral is similar to immoral, except that it describes someone as lacking moral sense instead of one who refuses to conform to moral standards. The fundamental differences between ethics and value are described in the given below points: Ethics refers to the guidelines for conduct, that address question about morality. Ethics are external standards that are provided by institutions, groups, or culture to which an individual belongs. Aristotle’s teleological teachings are notable within the works of Christian philosopher Thomas Aquinas, who believed that the “highest form of the good life now involved the contemplation of God” (Attfield 179). Finally, while reaching the post-modern era, we have French existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre, who would go on to argue that authenticity knows no morals and that “all values are created anew in acts of choice” (Attfield 179). Encyclopedia Britannica considers “morals” and “ethics” to be interchangeable terms. “Treating patients without health insurance is a moral thing to do.”“Eugenics is an immoral medical practice.”. Values include a deep-rooted system of beliefs. They have intrinsic worth, but are not universally accepted. The word moral entered the English language from late Middle English or around the 15th century. The adjective form of moral was created by historic orator Marcus Tullius Cicero while translating the Greek term ethikos (ἠθικός). Corruption, dishonestly, dishonor, unethical, evil, immorality. There are other types of ethics within moral philosophy, which include descriptive ethics and applied ethics. Further to that, there are virtues established by entities in a position of authority such as religious texts or organizational leaders. Here is a list of unique word alternatives to morals or ethics, as noted within The Thinker’s Thesaurus by Peter Meltzer. Aristotle argued that Forms (morals) only exist in specific circumstances and that virtue (ethics) is a learned method of thinking that allows people to reason between extreme behaviors and attitudes. Morals are personal standards of bad vs good behavior. We tend to link morals to matters of religion and spirituality. For example, Plato insisted that ‘goodness’ and ‘justice’ exist universally as ‘Forms’ and that Forms (morals) are inherent objects of human sense or knowledge. For example, a person may follow the ethics mandated by a certain group, say a religion, an organization or a family but may not have any morals at all because they have not internalized any of the standards that they are following. represent similar standards of behavior, except they are shared by a group of people or society and enforced through law and customs.


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